This is the most painful column I write.
Articles on taxes or CRA penalties hurt, but taxes are a fact of life. And we can usually suggest ways to reduce taxes.
No, the column that hurts the most is talking about back to school, because that means the inevitable end to our all-too-short summer is looming on the horizon.
Oh, well, best get on with it.
Tip number one is to avoid being sucked into overspending on back-to-school clothes, supplies and accessories. Try to set a budget and stick with it. Unless you have unlimited funds, it’s very easy to overdo it and have a credit card hangover in September.
People with university aged kids may be thinking now about Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP) withdrawals. There are subtleties to those rules which can fool people, so let’s review them.
The maximum first withdrawal from an RESP is $5,000. After that, there is no limit. The money does not have to be specifically spent on tuition, supplies or other verifiable education expenses, and no receipts are required.
However, in order to request a withdrawal from the financial institution holding the RESP, the student must receive from the post-secondary educational institution a form or letter called Proof of Enrolment, on the institution’s letterhead.
This is different than a receipt for tuition paid, and must be specifically requested.
When planning your withdrawal strategy, remember that any deposits you made to the RESP plan can be withdrawn tax free at any time. The financial institution keeps track of how much of your account is made up of original contributions versus government grants and investment growth.
The government grant portion and any investment growth is taxable to the student when withdrawn. You specify the proportion from each area for each withdrawal.
Assuming the student has just income from summer employment and part-time jobs, we generally recommend withdrawals from the growth and grant portion while they are in school. The government grants and growth are thus withdrawn while the student has education credits and deductions.
If there are any RESP monies remaining after graduation when the student is working and taxable, these amounts can be withdrawn tax-free.
Tax breaks for students
Tax credit amounts for students include:
These are all non-refundable credits. That means that they will reduce tax that a taxpayer would otherwise be paying, but will not create a refund if the taxpayer is not paying any tax.
A student with less than $10,000 or so of total income will likely not be paying any taxes, so be careful not to waste these credits.
CRA allows a transfer of up to $5,000 of these tax credits onto the tax return of a supporting spouse, parent or grandparent. In that situation, the taxes for the supporting person are reduced. Alternatively, the student can carry these amounts forward to offset taxes in a future year, instead of transferring them.
Claiming the education-related credits requires an official receipt, in the form of a T2202. Most universities now only provide these online (as opposed to giving the student a paper copy), and many only allow them to be printed once. Kids, this means it is very inconvenient for your parent or your tax preparer if you lose that one-time receipt. My suggestion is to only print it at the time you will be using it, next March.
We suggest that the student file a tax return, even if there are no taxes due. This builds up eligibility for future RRSP contributions at a rate of 18% of any employment or self-employment income, eligibility for future TFSA contributions, carryforwards of unused credits and deductions, and other valuable information.
Low income students may also be eligible for refundable credits and grants, like the GST (HST) tax credit at age 19.
I guess it’s best to think of back-to-school as the start of a new adventure, rather than the end of Manitoba as tropical paradise. I’ll try.
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Dollars and Sense is meant as an introduction to this topic and should not in any way be construed as a replacement for personalized professional advice.
Please consult legal, tax and investment experts for advice on your unique situation.
David Christianson, BA, CFP, R.F.P., TEP, CIMis a financial planner and advisor with Christianson Wealth Advisors, a Vice President with National Bank Financial Wealth Management, and author of the book Managing the Bull, A No-Nonsense Guide to Personal Finance.